The polo, either on horse or on foot, was created by the Iranian and its history goes back at least to Achaemenian.


Polo stick-Mosaic-Neishabor palace-3rd millennium BC




Polo in Ferdousi Shahnameh-7th century AD-Reza Abbasi Museum-Iran


Polo on glassware jar-Late Saljoughi era-Syria


Send all children to the field            To see the ball and the polo



Ferdousi Shahnameh-7th century AD

Reza Abbasi Museum-Miniature-Polo


Hockey in Shahnameh


Following the advent of Islam, a variety of sports became more popular and Islam emphasized on promoting sports namely horse riding-shooting-fencing-wrestling-swimming and athletics.

Moslem physicians like Abu Ali Sina, Abobakr Bokhari, pupil of Zakaria Razi attached a high importance to practicing a variety of sports to maintain a healthy soul and body.

In Savavieh era, practicing a variety of sports namely chess, wrestling, fencing, shooting, polo, athletics, acrobat and gymnastics were fully popular.

Sharden, the famous French sailor, in 17th century AD, in diaries of his voyages recalls nice memories about sports like archery, fencing, polo, javelin throw, wrestling, chess, sprints and endurance runs and organization of such competitions in Isfahan.

Finally, and in accordance with long-standing sports traditions, Iranian approved compulsory sport for schools by the Islamic Consultative Assembly in the year 1946 AD.

In 1945, the physical education association was formed in the ministry of culture and from then on gradually new sports bodies were established and the 1st physical education association meeting was convened in the year 1946.



Hayedeh Seirafi

Deputy to Research & Development


national museum of sport, Olympic and Paralympic



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