In epic stories like Iliad and Odyssey of Homer and Shahnameh Ferdowsi sports namely wrestling, horse riding, polo, shooting and………are referred to and most heroes of Shahnameh know wrestling well apart from other abilities and used to wrestle with their enemies in many wars so as to show their fighting skills and avoid bloodshed.


Ritual of sportsmanship

The proof of what was raised earlier is the sportsmanship which has a long-standing history in ancient Iran and friendship, mutual understanding and respect to your rival are amongst its peculiarities.

These peculiarities exist in heroic wrestling of Iran as well.

According to proofs and documents remained from ancient eras, Iranian used to be pioneers in wrestling and heroic wrestling.



Pewter ax helve of Lorestan-early 1st millennium BC



Combat of two wrestlers-ceramic painting on tile – 7th Hijri centur


Pewter candlestick of Iran-Mesopotamia-late 3rd millennium BC



Goddess of Mehr (Mitra) and heroic wrestling


کشتی 10


An image of Bostan arch in Kermanshah, Iran. In this painting, the Sassanid Shah Shapur II stands in the middle and on his right, Ahura Mazda, who gives him a crucifix for the coronation, on a buried enemy ( Julian, the Roman emperor). On the left side of the king, Mitra or Mehr, whose light arrows scattered like the sun over his head in all directions, took a branch of a plant called "Bersam" and stood on a lotus flower. 

Heroic wrestling is linked with long history of Mehr or Mithraism.

Mithraism is an Iranian religion related to 1400 BC –Goddess of Mehr; Goddess of love and covenant and friendship.

This traditional religion has passed the Iranian borders and has reached to ancient Rome and mingled with Greek and Roman myths and have been emerged within the framework of statues and images under the name of “Mithraism”.

To enhance the moral and physical values and combat ignorance, Mehr followers have always believed in honesty and good behavior and use to nourish their mind and body in caves and underground places.



Goddess of Mehr Statue while Sacrificing a Cow




During the 1st and 2nd centuries BC, the Mehr followers developed their rites and rituals all over the world of those days, from Asia to Europe and even Egypt in Africa.

The carvings remained in Kermanshah are among obvious signs of Goddess Mehr. Symbol is “ring” which indicates friendship and kindness. Likewise, is the symbol: “cross”



Goddess of Mehr Carving-Kermanshah with symbol of a ring-Sassanid 



Symbol of cross- Naqshe Rostam-near Persepolis- Tomb of Darrius the 1st -550 BC




Rings of power which were later turned into heroic rings



Armband known as ring of power-Gold-Achaemenian


 کشتی 9

Ring of power-Behban-Ilam-Bronze



Follow us on social networks

Contact us

Address: North Seoul Street, Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani Highway, Tehran
Postal code :1995614336
Fax :26203425-31