Disabled Sports History
sports activities could be traced in the decade leading to the year 1880. Its
introduction, however, began in the year 1945; firstly, treating patients with
spinal cord injuries which eventually led to the world movement for disabled
sports known today as Paralympic Movement.
Loudvic Gatmen changed the rehabilitation theory in Stock Mandeville of England
with a particular emphasis on sport. After a few years, what has come into
being as a by-product of physical rehabilitation for the 2nd world
war athletes evolved as a sports-oriented movement which focuses on the
year 1948, Sir Loudvic Gatmen launched the Stock Mandeville Games. The first
edition of this multi-nation event (war-injured of England and Holland) gave
rise to organization of the first international Stock Mande Games in 1952 and
considered as an introduction for the Modern Paralympic Games.
At the outset,
the Paralympic movement was developed through establishing sports organizations
peculiar to various disabilities which are known as international disabled
organizations today. The first body of such organizations entitled “International
Stock Mandeville Games Committee” (ISMGC) was formed in Rome, Italy in 1960. In
1972, this organization changed its name to “International Stock Mandeville
Games Federation” (ISMGF) and was later known as “International Stock
Mandeville Wheelchair Sports Federation” (ISMWSF).
the international disabled sports organization was founded which also covered
year 2004, ISMWSF and ISOD merged and formed the International Wheelchair
Amputee Sports (IWAS).
year 1978, Cerebral Palsy (CPISRA) and following that in 1981 international
blind sports federation and mentally retarded international sports federation
(ID) (INAS-FIS) in 1986 were established.
year 1960, the 9th International stock Mandeville Games was held in
Rome, Italy only following a few weeks after the Olympic Games. This sports
event resembled as the 1st edition of the Paralympic Games given its
symbolic nature as well as massive participation of more than 400 athletes from
then, the Paralympic Games are being organized in the same year when the
Olympic Games are held and its first edition was held in summer of 1988 in
Seoul in venues and cities used for the Olympic Games. From that year onward,
this event is held under the official title of “Paralympic Games”. The prefix
Para means together with or accompanying and the word Olympics is originated
from Greek language.
winter Paralympic games was held in Omskoldsvik, Sweden in 1976. Ever since
1992 games held in Tignes-Albertville, France, the winter Paralympic Games are
held in cities where the Winter Olympic Games are organized.
parallel with the development of this movement, the necessity for further
coordination and cooperation among various sports bodies was felt.
year 1982, ISMGF, CPISRA, IBSA and ISOD were merged to create the International
Coordination Committee-ICC- for disabled athletes. In 1986, the international
committee for deaf sports (CISS) and the international sports federation for
mentally retarded athletes (INAS-FID) joined to this committee.
responsible for the interests of disabled groups and managing the Paralympic
Games from 1982 to 1992. Nevertheless, the countries’ ever-increasing demand
and the sport-oriented movement resulted in the establishment of International
Paralympic Committee (IPC) in 1992 in Düsseldorf, Germany as governing
authority of the Paralympic movement.
representatives of six organizations i.e. the founding members, and 42 national
Paralympic committees as well as national bodies of disabled sports attended
that meeting who approved IPC statute and appointed Dr. Robert Stedwart from
Canada as its first president. It took about 5 years until IPC undertook all
duties related to the Paralympic Games.
year 2001, IPC General Assembly was missioned to revise IPC organizational
chart. The mission for the strategic revision process began in the year 2002
under new leadership, Mr. Flip Keryon. This process reached to its culmination
and bore fruit with the endorsement of IPC Statute in 2004.
Statute and bylaws govern the IPC and Paralympic movement. The IPC GA held in
Torino in the year 2003 endorsed a vision which reflects the ultimate objective
of the Paralympic movement.
the Paralympic athletes to attain sports enhancement, inspiring the world
towards them and creating excitement for them are amongst the IPC absolute
authority. The Paralympic Movement covers all athletes and officials of the
national Paralympic committees, IOSDs, Ifs, IPC councils, Standing Committees,
Regional Organizations and other individuals and organizations which are abided
by IPC Statute and bylaws. Joining the Paralympic Movement requires official
membership or IPC approval.
headquarter has been in Brussel, Belgium since its establishment. In the year
1997, IPC General Assembly voted for moving the headquarters to Germany and
initiated an organizational chart with expert staff in mind for the first time.
official opening of the new IPC headquarters was held on 3rd
September 1999 with participation of 500 guests from 60 countries.
Cultural & Studies Department of National Paralympic Committee